Tuesday, April 23, 2013

1304.5679 (O. Deriabina et al.)

Regulation of dispersion of carbon nanotubes in a mixture of good and
bad solvents

O. Deriabina, N. Lebovka, L. Bulavin, A. Goncharuk
The microstructure and electrical conductivity of suspensions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in binary liquid mixtures water-1-Cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (CHP) were studied in the heating and cooling cycles. The concentration of MWCNTs was varied in the interval between 0-1 wt.% and the content of water in a binary mixture X = [water]/([CHP]+[water]) was varied within 0-1.0. The experimental data have shown that dispersing quality of MWCNTs in a mixture of good (CHP) and bad (water) solvents may be finely regulated by adjustment of composition of the CHP+ water mixtures. The aggregation ability of MWCNTs in dependence on X was discussed. The surface of MWCNT clusters was highly tortuous, its fractal dimension df increased with increase of X, approaching -> 1.9 at X->1. It was concluded that the surface tension is not suitable characteristic for prediction of dispersion ability in the mixture of good and bad solvents. The electrical conductivity data evidenced the presence of a fuzzy-type percolation with multiple thresholds in the systems under investigation. This behavior was explained by formation of different percolation networks in dependence of MWCNT concentration.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.5679

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