Friday, May 3, 2013

1305.0171 (A. Leonard et al.)

Traveling Waves in 2D Hexagonal Granular Crystal Lattices    [PDF]

A. Leonard, C. Chong, P. G. Kevrekidis, C. Daraio
We describe the dynamic response of a two-dimensional hexagonal packing of uncompressed stainless steel spheres excited by localized impulsive loadings. After the initial impact strikes the system, a characteristic wave structure emerges and continuously decays as it propagates through the lattice. Using an extension of the binary collision approximation (BCA) for one-dimensional chains, we predict its decay rate, which compares well with numerical simulations and experimental data. While the hexagonal lattice does not support constant speed traveling waves, we provide scaling relations that characterize the power law decay of the wave velocity. Lastly, we discuss the effects of weak disorder on the directional amplitude decay rates.
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