Monday, May 20, 2013

1305.4036 (Yanbiao Gan et al.)

Lattice BGK kinetic model for high speed compressible flows:
hydrodynamic and nonequilibrium behaviors

Yanbiao Gan, Aiguo Xu, Guangcai Zhang, Yang Yang
We present a simple and general approach to formulate the lattice BGK model for high speed compressible flows. The main point consists of two parts: an appropriate discrete equilibrium distribution function (DEDF) $\mathbf{f}^{eq}$ and a discrete velocity model with flexible velocity size. The DEDF is obtained by $\mathbf{f}^{eq}=\mathbf{C}^{-1}\mathbf{M}$, where $\mathbf{M}$ is a set of moment of the Maxwellian distribution function, and $\mathbf{C}$ is the matrix connecting the DEDF and the moments. The numerical components of $\mathbf{C}$ are determined by the discrete velocity model. The calculation of $\mathbf{C}^{-1}$ is based on the analytic solution which is a function of the parameter controlling the sizes of discrete velocity. The choosing of discrete velocity model has a high flexibility. The specific heat ratio of the system can be flexible. The approach works for the one-, two- and three-dimensional model constructions. As an example, we compose a new lattice BGK kinetic model which works not only for recovering the Navier-Stokes equations in the continuum limit but also for measuring the departure of system from its thermodynamic equilibrium. Via adjusting the sizes of the discrete velocities the stably simulated Mach number can be significantly increased up to $30$ or even higher. The model is verified and validated by well-known benchmark tests. Some macroscopic behaviors of the system due to deviating from thermodynamic equilibrium around the shock wave interfaces are shown.
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