Monday, July 1, 2013

1306.6858 (Douglas J. Tobias et al.)

Simulation and Theory of Ions at Atmospherically Relevant Aqueous
Liquid-Air Interfaces

Douglas J. Tobias, Abraham C. Stern, Marcel D. Baer, Yan Levin, Christopher J. Mundy
Chemistry occurring at or near the surfaces of aqueous droplets and thin films in the atmosphere influences air quality and climate. Molecular dynamics simulations are becoming increasingly useful for gaining atomic-scale insight into the structure and reactivity of aqueous interfaces in the atmosphere. Here we review simulation studies of atmospherically relevant aqueous liquid-air interfaces, with an emphasis on ions that play important roles in the chemistry of atmospheric aerosols. In addition to surveying results from simulation studies, we discuss challenges to the refinement and experimental validation of the methodology for simulating ion adsorption to the air-water interface, and recent advances in elucidating the driving forces for adsorption. We also review the recent development of a dielectric continuum theory that is capable of reproducing simulation and experimental data on ion behavior at aqueous interfaces.
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