Tuesday, July 16, 2013

1307.3979 (Wolfgang Lechner et al.)

Self-organized defect strings in two-dimensional crystals    [PDF]

Wolfgang Lechner, David Polster, Georg Maret, Peter Keim, Christoph Dellago
Using experiments with single particle resolution and computer simulations we study the collective behaviour of multiple vacancies injected into two-dimensional crystals. We find that the defects assemble into linear strings that propagate through the crystal in a succession of rapid one-dimensional gliding phases and rare rotations, during which the direction of motion changes. At both ends, strings are terminated by dislocations with anti-parallel Burgers vectors. By monitoring the separation of the dislocations, we measure their effective interactions with high precision, for the first time beyond spontaneous formation and annihilation, and explain the double-well form of the dislocation interaction in terms of continuum elasticity theory. Our results give a detailed picture of the motion and interaction of dislocations in two dimensions and enhance our understanding of topological defects in two-dimensional nano-materials.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3979

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