Thursday, July 18, 2013

1307.4454 (Eva-Maria Schoetz et al.)

Glassy dynamics in three-dimensional embryonic tissues    [PDF]

Eva-Maria Schoetz, Marcos Lanio, Jared A. Talbot, M. Lisa Manning
Many biological tissues are viscoelastic, behaving as elastic solids on short timescales and fluids on long timescales. This collective mechanical behavior enables and helps to guide pattern formation and tissue layering. Here we investigate the mechanical properties of three-dimensional tissue explants from zebrafish embryos by analyzing individual cell tracks and macroscopic mechanical response. We find that the cell dynamics inside the tissue exhibit features of supercooled fluids, including subdiffusive trajectories and signatures of caging behavior. We develop a minimal, three-parameter mechanical model for these dynamics, which we calibrate using only information about cell tracks. This model generates predictions about the macroscopic bulk response of the tissue (with no fit parameters) that are verified experimentally, providing a strong validation of the model. The best-fit model parameters indicate that although the tissue is fluid-like, it is close to a glass transition, suggesting that small changes to single-cell parameters could generate a significant change in the viscoelastic properties of the tissue. These results provide a robust framework for quantifying and modeling mechanically-driven pattern formation in tissues.
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