Friday, July 26, 2013

1307.6823 (D. Fragiadakis et al.)

Characteristics of the Johari-Goldstein process in rigid asymmetric

D. Fragiadakis, C. M. Roland
Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out on a Lennard-Jones binary mixture of rigid (fixed bond length) diatomic molecules. The translational and rotational correlation functions, and the corresponding susceptibilities, exhibit two relaxation processes, the slow structural relaxation (alpha dynamics) and a higher frequency secondary relaxation. The latter is a Johari-Goldstein (JG) process, by its definition of involving all parts of the molecule. It shows several properties characteristic of the JG process - (i) merging with the alpha relaxation at high temperature; (ii) a change in temperature-dependence of the relaxation strength on vitrification; (iii) a separation in frequency from the alpha relaxation that correlates with the breadth of the structural dispersion; and (iv) sensitivity to volume, pressure, and physical aging - that can be used to determine whether a secondary relaxation in a real material is an authentic JG process, rather than trivial motion involving intramolecular degrees of freedom. The latter has no connection to the glass transition, whereas the JG relaxation is closely related to structural relaxation, and thus can provide new insights into the phenomenon.
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