Sunday, May 19, 2013

1305.3787 (Sven Deutschländer et al.)

Two-dimensional melting under quenched disorder    [PDF]

Sven Deutschländer, Tobias Kruppa, Hartmut Löwen, Georg Maret, Peter Keim
We study the influence of quenched disorder on the two-dimensional melting behavior by using both video-microscopy of superparamagnetic colloidal particles and computer simulations of repulsive parallel dipoles. Quenched disorder is provided by pinning a fraction of the particles. We confirm the occurrence of the Kosterlitz-Thouless-Halperin-Nelson-Young scenario with an intermediate hexatic phase. While the fluid-hexatic transition remains largely unaffected by disorder, the hexatic-solid transition shifts towards lower temperatures for increasing disorder resulting in a significantly broadened stability range of the hexatic phase. In addition, we observe spatio-temporal critical(-like) fluctuations consistent with the continuous character of the phase transitions.
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